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Affect is generally used as a verb as a verb meaning to influence. Effect used as a verb meaning to produce, to accomplish. The confusion of the verbs affect and effect not only is quite common but has a long history. The verb effect was used in place of affect. The noun affect is sometimes mistakenly used for the noun effect. Except when your topic is psychology, you will seldom need the noun affect. If you are talking about a result, then use the word “effect.” It is appropriate to use the word “effect” if one of these words is used immediately before the word: into, no, take, the, any, an, or and.. If you want to describe something that was caused or brought about, the right word to use is effect.
Ex: The new manager effected some positive changes in the office. (This means that the new manager caused some positive changes to take place in the office.)
Affect can be used as a noun to describe facial expression. Affect can also be used as a verb. Use it when trying to describe influencing someone or something rather than causing it.
Ex: How does the crime rate affect hiring levels by local police forces?
Cj: Effect in a short term means “a result”. And a short term for affect is “to change”. Now they were kind of confusing at first. If you want to remember it better than say this: Affect will be a result of you losing your job. Effect will bring about you doing what I say . Get it?
This lesson was taken from the Holt Handbook.
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When you are using the word who in a sentence make sure that it requires a subject pronoun (equivalent to he or she ) . In formal English , use whom when a sentence requires an object pronoun (equivalent to him or he) .Contemporary usage , however increasingly favors the use of who in both cases . Strictly speaking , it is correct to use who as the subject of a verb and whom as the object . Also use whom after a preposition . Whom is a word invented to make to make everyone sound like a butler . The use of who or whom in a subordinate clause depends on how the pronoun functions in the clause . The word who is in the nominative case and the word whom is in the objective case .
Details found from the Holt Book.